1. Never spend more than you make, ever.
When I was 10, I started cutting grass to earn money beyond my meager allowance. Minutes after earning my first buck, mom was stuffing me in the car for a trip to the bank to open my first passbook savings account.
Fifty years later, priority one is still to put something aside from every paycheck and send out less than I bring in.
Of course, life being what it is, it hasn’t always worked out that way. But in general, getting richer every month is as simple as spending less than you make, and getting poorer is as simple as spending more than you make.
2. Avoid debt like the plague.
Most people treat debt as if it’s a normal part of life. They divide it into categories like “good debt” and “bad debt.” They discuss it endlessly, as if it’s some mathematical mystery.
Debt’s not complicated. Paying money to temporarily use other people’s makes you poorer. Charging money to temporarily let other people use yours makes you richer.
Since paying interest makes you poorer, you only do it two situations:
When you have to in order to survive.
When you’ll earn more on what you’re financing than what you’ll pay to finance it.
Unless borrowing is ultimately going to make you richer, don’t do it.
3. Buy when everyone is freaking out, and sell when everyone thinks they can’t lose.
Rich people ring the register when the economy is booming, but that’s not when they created their wealth.
You get richer by investing when nobody else will: when unemployment is high, the market is tanking, everybody’s freaking out, and there’s nothing but fear and misery on the horizon.
The cyclical nature of our economy all but ensures bad times will periodically occur, and human nature all but ensures that when bad times happen, most people will freeze like a deer in the headlights. But downturns are the time you’ve been saving for.
If you think the world is truly ending, buy canned food and a shotgun. If not, step up. As billionaire investor Warren Buffett famously advised, “Be fearful when others are greedy and greedy when others are fearful.”
4. You can either look rich or be rich, but you probably won’t live long enough to accomplish both.
When I as worked as a Wall Street investment adviser, I quickly learned that people who have tons of money most often don’t look like it. They don’t have to.
So, who are the big shots wearing the fancy suits and driving the Porsches? Often it’s the people who make a living selling stuff to the rich people.
I can’t remember the last time I wore a fancy suit. I’ve never owned a new car, and I live in a house that’s worth about a third of what I could afford.
Diverting your investable cash into things like cars, clothing, vacations and houses you can’t afford will make you look rich now, but prevent you from actually becoming rich later.
5. Live like you’ll die tomorrow, but invest like you’ll live forever.
You should always strive to get as much out of life as you can each and every day. After all, you could die tomorrow.
But here’s the thing: You probably won’t. Put something aside so you can continue soaking up what life has to offer for as long as possible.
6. There are only six ways to get rich.
The only ways to get rich:
- Marry money.
- Inherit money.
- Exploit a unique talent.
- Get exceedingly lucky.
- Own or lead a successful business.
- Spend less than you make and invest your savings wisely over long periods of time.
Even as you’re aiming for any of the first five, practice the last one and you’re guaranteed to become rich eventually.
7. The riskiest thing you can do is take no risk.
Whether it’s money, love or life in general, if you want rewards, you have to take risks.
When it comes to money, taking risks means investing in things that can go down in value — like stocks, real estate or your own business. Can you get through life without taking risks? Sure, but as my dad was fond of saying, you’ll never get a hit from the dugout.
Invest $200 a month at 2 percent for 30 years, and you’ll end up with around $98,000. Earn 12 percent on the same investment, and you’ll end up with about $600,000. Taking a measured amount of risk is the difference between getting rich and getting by.
That being said, making risky bets is simply gambling. Take measured risks. Minimize risk by knowing as much as possible before investing, not putting all your eggs in one basket and learning from your mistakes. Or better yet, learn from someone else’s.
8. Never make your well-being someone else’s responsibility.
If you need surgery, you have little choice but to trust your fate to a professional. But when it comes to your money, don’t ever turn over complete control to anyone.
Seeking advice is always a good idea. But no matter who that adviser is or how smart they are, your money is more important to you than it is to them. So, if you’re not doing everything yourself, at least understand exactly what’s going on.
Virtually anyone can learn to navigate their finances. If you can’t be bothered to take responsibility for your own money, just keep in the bank. At least that way you won’t end up ripped off, broke and blaming someone else for your problems.
9. When it comes to information, less can be more.
About 15 years ago, I put about $2,000 into Apple stock. I sold half of it a few years ago, but as I write this, my remaining shares are worth about $300,000.
Had I been watching financial news every day and reacting to pundits and market gyrations, I’d have sold it all long ago and been kicking myself today.
If you want to be rich, buy into high quality stocks and hold on to them for long periods of time. If you want to kick yourself, buy into high quality stocks, then sell them at the drop of a hat based on something or someone you saw on air or online.
10. Time isn’t money; money is time.
Whoever said “Time is money” had it backwards. Time is the one nonrenewable resource you have. Once your time is up, it’s up.
So, the trick is to spend as much of your limited time as possible doing stuff you want to do rather than working for other people doing stuff you have to do. Money is the resource that allows you to do this.
If you go to the mall and spend $200 on clothes, that’s $200 you could have invested. If you’d earned 12 percent on that $200, in 30 years you’d have accumulated around $6,000. Ignoring inflation and assuming you could live on $3,000 a month in retirement, forgoing those clothes today means retiring two months earlier.
Of course, you must have clothes. But maybe you don’t need $200 worth, or maybe you could have gotten them for less.
It’s your choice: stuff today or time tomorrow. Those who choose the former often stay poor. Those who choose the latter often get rich. Which will you choose?